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Bhagwat Geeta -Chapter 2 Summary-part-2

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The soul is neither born, nor does it ever die; nor having once existed, does it ever cease to be. The soul is without birth, eternal, immortal, and ageless. It is not destroyed when the body is destroyed.


Lord Krishna states that the eternal soul is the observer and the experiencer of the material world, but it is not affected by the material world. He emphasizes that the material body and the material world are temporary and subject to change, while the eternal soul is permanent and unchanging. He also states that the eternal soul is not born and does not die, it is eternal and indestructible.

Lord Krishna also explains that the material world is the result of the interaction between the three modes of material nature: goodness, passion, and ignorance, which influence the mind and intelligence of living beings. 

Sankhya also emphasizes the importance of knowledge and discrimination as the means to attain liberation. It teaches that one must develop the ability to discriminate between the permanent and the transient, the real and the unreal, and the self and the non-self.

He also describes the qualities and characteristics of a person who has attained this knowledge, such as being peaceful, self-controlled, and free from attachment and aversion.

He then explains the path of Karma yoga as the path to attain this knowledge. He states that one should perform their duty without attachment to the fruits of action, and with a sense of detachment and devotion to God. He also explains that this path is not just for ascetics, but for all people, regardless of their social status or occupation.

In the last slokas of this chapter, Lord Krishna describes the ultimate goal of human life: to attain the supreme state of spiritual consciousness, and the ultimate state of liberation, known as moksha. He emphasizes that by following the path of Karma yoga, one can attain this ultimate goal.

Bhagwat Geeta -Chapter 2 Summary

Chapter 2 of the Bhagavad Gita is called “Sankhya Yoga” or “The Yoga of Knowledge and Renunciation.” In this chapter, Lord Krishna continues to counsel Arjuna on the importance of performing one’s duty without attachment to the fruits of action. He also delves deeper into the nature of the self and the world, and explains the concept of Sankhya, which is one of the six classical Indian philosophical systems.

The chapter begins with Lord Krishna telling Arjuna that it is through knowledge of the self and the nature of the world that one can attain liberation. He then goes on to describe the three modes of material nature: goodness, passion, and ignorance, and how they influence the mind and intelligence of living beings.

Lord Krishna then explains the concept of Sankhya, which is the knowledge of the distinction between the eternal soul and the temporary material body. He states that those who understand this distinction and are able to detach themselves from the material world can attain liberation. 

Sankhya’s philosophy asserts that there are two realities: the eternal, unchanging, and conscious soul, known as Purusha, and the constantly changing and unconscious material world, known as Prakriti. The goal of Sankhya is to understand the distinction between these two realities and to detach oneself from the material world in order to attain liberation… To be continued..

Maharishi Valmiki

Valmiki, the “Adi Kavi,” or the first poet.

Maharishi Valmiki, also known as Adi Kavi (the first poet), was an ancient Indian sage and poet. He is best known for composing the epic Hindu text, the Ramayana, which tells the story of Lord Rama, his wife Sita, and his adventures.

Valmiki is revered in Hinduism as a great sage and is considered the original author of this timeless epic, making him a significant figure in Indian literature and spirituality.

According to Hindu tradition and mythology, Maharishi Valmiki is said to have composed the epic Ramayana in a spontaneous and divine manner. The story goes that Valmiki was initially a highway robber and a dacoit, but he underwent a profound transformation. He renounced his criminal ways and became a sage through deep meditation and penance.

The Ramayana, consisting of seven books and over 24,000 verses, is not only an epic but also a sacred text in Hinduism. It narrates the life and adventures of Lord Rama and is revered for its moral and ethical teachings. Valmiki’s work is considered one of the greatest contributions to Indian literature and culture.

During his hermit-like life, Valmiki encountered Lord Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana in the forest and was deeply moved by their noble characters. Inspired by their virtuous lives, he wished to document their story. Valmiki is believed to have received divine inspiration and guidance from Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe. With this divine guidance and inspiration, Valmiki composed the Ramayana in the ancient Sanskrit language.

Bhagwat Geeta -Chapter 1 Summary

Chapter 1 of the Bhagavad Gita is titled “The Sorrow of Arjuna”. The chapter is set in the middle of a battlefield where the Kauravas and Pandavas are fighting for the kingdom. Dhritarashtra, the blind king, asks his advisor Sanjaya for news from the battlefield. The chapter introduces the root cause of all sorrow and suffering in this world, which is our inability to deal with conflict. 

Blind King Dhritarashtra asks the poet Sanjaya to tell him the story of his family, the Kurus, clashing with the Pandavas in battle. Sanjaya retells how King Dhritarashtra’s son, Prince Duryodhana, asks his teacher, Drona, to look out at the assembled forces. Duryodhana points to the strong and formidable members of the Pandava army that includes both Krishna and Arjuna. He then turns to the powerful people in his own army, mentioning great warriors among them. Duryodhana proudly proclaims the Kuru army is limitless, whereas the Pandavas are much smaller. Both armies blow conch shells that echo “throughout heaven and earth,” calling the warriors to battle.

Arjuna tells Krishna to drive the chariot carrying them so they can stand between the two armies. He wants “to look at the men gathered … to do battle service for Dhritarashtra’s evil-minded son.” Krishna directs Arjuna’s attention to all the Kurus ready to battle one another.

Arjuna is overwhelmed with dread as he looks out at the opposing armies made up of his kinsmen. Not wanting to fight his family even if they are foes, he tells Krishna that he sees “evil omens … from killing my kinsmen in battle.” Arjuna tells Krishna it would be better to let himself be killed in the battle without resistance than to fight this terrible battle 1.

The opening chapter of Gita introduces the two opposing armies and their principal members. Looking out at his army, Prince Duryodhana feels invincible despite the strength of the Pandava fighters. Duryodhana’s description of the scene introduces the reader to the principal figures in each army. Prince Duryodhana’s family members are referred to as the Kurus because they are descendants of King Kuru. However, through much of Mahabharata these descendants are called Kauravas. The Pandavas are also descendants of Kuru clan but as “sons of Pandu” they are known as Pandavas.

Arjuna’s reluctance and despair at thought of killing his kinsmen forms basis of subsequent conversation with his charioteer, god Krishna.

How to make life happier

Happiness is a complex and subjective concept, and what makes one person happy may not work for another. However, there are some general principles and practices that can contribute to a happier life. Here are some tips to help you make your life happier:

  1. Cultivate positive relationships: Surround yourself with supportive and positive people. Building strong, meaningful connections with friends and family can provide a deep sense of happiness and fulfillment.
  2. Practice gratitude: Take time each day to reflect on the things you’re grateful for. This can shift your focus from what you lack to what you have, fostering contentment and happiness.
  3. Take care of your physical health: Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and sufficient sleep can improve your physical and mental well-being, leading to greater overall happiness.
  4. Manage stress: Find healthy ways to cope with stress, such as meditation, deep breathing, or engaging in relaxation techniques. Reducing stress can lead to increased happiness.
  5. Pursue your passions: Identify what you are passionate about and make time for activities that bring you joy and fulfillment. This could be a hobby, creative expression, or a cause you’re passionate about.
  6. Set goals and work towards them: Having meaningful goals gives you a sense of purpose and achievement. Break your goals into manageable steps and celebrate your progress along the way.
  7. Live in the present moment: Practice mindfulness by staying present in the current moment. Worrying about the past or future can lead to unhappiness, so focus on the here and now.
  8. Help others: Acts of kindness and altruism can boost your own happiness. Volunteering, helping a friend, or supporting a cause can provide a sense of purpose and fulfillment.
  9. Learn and grow: Continuously educate yourself, develop new skills, and challenge your mind. Personal growth and learning can lead to a sense of accomplishment and happiness.
  10. Find work-life balance: Strive for a balance between work, personal life, and relaxation. Overworking can lead to stress and unhappiness.
  11. Practice self-compassion: Be kind to yourself and avoid self-criticism. Treat yourself with the same kindness and understanding that you would offer to a friend.
  12. Manage expectations: Unrealistic expectations can lead to disappointment. Adjust your expectations to be more in line with reality.
  13. Embrace uncertainty: Life is unpredictable, and learning to accept uncertainty can reduce anxiety and promote happiness.
  14. Stay open to new experiences: Trying new things and stepping out of your comfort zone can be exhilarating and lead to personal growth and happiness.
  15. Seek professional help when needed: If you’re struggling with mental health issues, don’t hesitate to seek help from a therapist or counselor.

Remember that happiness is a journey, and it’s perfectly normal to have ups and downs. It’s also important to recognize that what makes you happy may change over time, so it’s essential to continually assess your needs and priorities. Ultimately, happiness is a deeply personal and ongoing pursuit.

Astrology is a pseudoscience that claims to predict information about human affairs and terrestrial events based on the positions and movements of celestial objects. While there is no scientific evidence to support the idea that astrology can make you happier, some people find comfort in reading horoscopes and using astrology as a tool for self-reflection.

If you’re interested in exploring how astrology can help you live a happier life, contact us through whatsapp @+918707718561:

Remember that astrology is not a substitute for professional help if you are struggling with mental health issues. If you are feeling overwhelmed or need someone to talk to, consider reaching out to a licensed therapist or counselor.


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